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Guide to Authors
Guidelines for Short Communications

Short communications on the other hand are intended for presentation of such findings which do not warrant full-length publication, or of preliminary findings for rapid publication. We would like to see either an excellent validation procedure, and extended real-life application or a critical comparison of the methods.

All manuscripts should be prepared with Microsoft Word and sent to the Editorial Office via Online Submission System. If you have any inquiry before submission of your manuscript, you may contact with the editorial office via e-mail with your specific question.


Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review.

To facilitate rapid publication and to minimize administrative costs, Insight Bacteriology accepts new submissions only via online submission system. The submission process is compatible with version 3.0 or later of Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator, and with most other modern web browsers. It can be used from PC, Mac, or UNIX platforms.


Submitted manuscripts will be sent to reviewers, unless they are either out of scope or below threshold for the journal, or the presentation or written English is of an unacceptably low standard. They will generally be reviewed by two experts with the aim of reaching a first decision as soon as possible. Reviewers do not have to sign their reports but are welcome to do so. They are asked to declare any competing interests.

Reviewers are asked whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, how interesting it is and whether the quality of the writing is acceptable. Where possible, the final decision is made on the basis that the peer reviewers are in accordance with one another, or that at least there is no strong dissenting view. In cases where there is strong disagreement either among peer reviewers or between the authors and peer reviewers, advice is sought from a member of the journal's Editorial Board. The journal allows a maximum of two revisions of any manuscript.

Reviewers are also asked to indicate which articles they consider to be especially interesting or significant. These articles may be given greater prominence and greater external publicity, and the authors may be asked if they would prefer to have the manuscript published in Insight Bacteriology.

Once an article is accepted, it is published in Insight Bacteriology immediately as a provisional PDF file. The paper will subsequently be published in both fully browse able web form, and as a formatted PDF. Authors will be able to check the progress of their paper through the submission system at any time by logging into Online Submission System.


Insight Knowledge provides the opportunity to publish outstanding research work FREE of Cost. Insight Bacteriology will not charge publication, processing or submission fee from the authors.


Any manuscripts, or substantial parts of it, submitted to the Insight Bacteriology must not be under consideration by any other journal although it may have been deposited on a preprint server. The manuscript should not have already been published in any journal or other citable form, with the exception that the journal is willing to consider peer-reviewing manuscripts that are translations of articles originally published in another language. In this case, the consent of the journal in which the article was originally published must be obtained and the fact that the article has already been published must be made clear on submission and stated in the abstract. Correspondence concerning articles published in Insight Bacteriology is encouraged through the online comment system.

Submission of a manuscript to Insight Bacteriology implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content, and that any experimental research that is reported in the manuscript has been performed with the approval of an appropriate ethics committee. Research carried out on humans must be in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration, and any experimental research on animals must follow internationally recognized guidelines. A statement to this effect must appear in the Methods section of the manuscript, including the name of the body which gave approval, with a reference number where appropriate. Informed consent must also be documented. Manuscripts may be rejected if the editor considers that the research has not been carried out within an ethical framework, e.g. if the severity of the experimental procedure is not justified by the value of the knowledge gained.

Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses in the Materials and Methods section.

Insight Bacteriology requires authors to declare any competing financial or other interest in relation to their work. If any author has a competing interest, it should be declared in the covering letter.

Submission of a manuscript to Insight Bacteriology implies that readily reproducible materials described in the manuscript, including all relevant raw data, will be freely available to any scientist wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes. Nucleic acid sequences, protein sequences, and atomic coordinates should be deposited in an appropriate database in time for the accession number to be included in the published article. In computational studies where the sequence information is unacceptable for inclusion in databases because of lack of experimental validation, the sequences must be published as an additional file with the article.


Submissions should be accompanied by a brief covering letter from the corresponding author. This letter should contain a concise paragraph (100-word or shorter) to the editor indicating the scientific grounds why the paper should be considered for publication in Insight Bacteriology.

The cover letter should state clearly what is included as the submission, including number of figures, supporting manuscripts and any Supplementary Information (specifying number of items and format).

The cover letter should also state the number of words of text in the paper; the number of figures and parts of figures (for example, 4 figures, comprising 16 separate panels in total); a rough estimate of the desired final size of figures in terms of number of pages; and a full current postal address, telephone and fax numbers, and current e-mail address.

Contribution of each author should be clearly stated in the cover letter. If the article is accepted for publication statement about the contribution of each author will appear with the article.

Author should disclose the Funding Information of the project with the reference of Grant Number.

Authors should also disclose any CONFLICT OF INTEREST in the cover letter. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision, but if the article is accepted for publication, a disclosure statement will appear with the article.

Submission of manuscripts without cover letter will not be processed.


File formats
The following word processor file formats are acceptable:
  Microsoft Word
  Rich text format (RTF)

Users of other word processing packages should save or convert their files to RTF before uploading. Many free tools are available which ease this process.

Article Types

When submitting your manuscript, you will be asked to select type of your article e.g. Research Article, Review Article, Short Communication, Research Note. Please select type of article very carefully.

Manuscript sections for Short Communications
Short Communications submitted to Insight Bacteriology should be divided into the following sections:
  Title page
  Key words
  Materials and Methods
  Figure legends (if any)
  Tables and captions (if any)
Title page

The title of the article should be accurate, clear and concise, condensing the contents of the reported work in few words. Differentiating the paper from other papers of the same subject area and avoiding abbreviations where possible. Capitalize initially (all first letters of each word of title except short prepositions or helping verbs). Author(s) full name with institutional addresses (specific to general i.e., Name, Department, Faculty, University, City, Postcode, Country) and e-mail addresses for all authors should be mentioned. The corresponding author should also be indicated clearly who will responsible for correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.


The abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured into separate sections: Background, the context and purpose of the study; Methods, how the study was performed and statistical tests used; Results, the main findings; Conclusions, brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Key words

Authors must provide at least five keywords, which must not be part of the title of the paper. Phrases and general or broad words (e.g., pH, growth, Production) are not allowed.


It should be brief and limited to the definition of the problem, the aims and purposes of the research and its relation with other studies in the field. Also the working hypothesis must be clearly stated.

Materials and Methods

It should include relevant details on the experimental design and techniques so that the experiments can be repeated.


Results should be clearly presented. Tables and figures should only be included if required to fully understand the data. We advise that the results section be written in past tense.


The aim of this section is the interpretation of the results and their relation to the existing knowledge. The discussion should spell out the major conclusions of the work along with some explanation or speculation on the significance of these conclusions. How do the conclusions affect the existing assumptions and models in the field? How can future research build on these observations? What are the key experiments that must be done? The discussion should be concise and tightly argued. Conclusions firmly established by the presented data, hypotheses supported by the presented data, and speculations suggested by the presented data should be clearly identified as such. The information given in any part of the text may be cited but not repeated in the Discussion Section. Alternatively Results and Discussion can be presented in one section.


All sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged. People who contributed to the work but do not fit criteria for authorship should also be listed in the Acknowledgments, along with their contributions.


In the text

References must be cited in the text in superscript digits at end of sentence or paragraph before punctuation or full stop1. In case of two or more references, separate the superscript digits by comma1,2,6. Moreover, If there are more references but in continuous numbers then use dash between superscript digits2-6.Citation may be direct or indirect, see the following examples;

Direct citation

a) Farooq et al. 1 studied the temperature effect on cuticular hydrocarbons of termite.
b) According to Shafqat and Saba2, cuticular hydrocarbons can be used to identify termite species.
c) Variations in cuticular hydrocarbons may also assist for species recognition and foraging behaviour, investigated by Zeeshan and Pasha3.

Indirect citation

a) Temperature affects cuticular hydrocarbons of termite1. Cuticular hydrocarbons can be used to identify termite species2. Variations in cuticular hydrocarbons may also assist for species recognition and foraging behavior3.

In the References section

At the end of the paper, in the References section the literature should be arranged according to same chronological order as cited in the text. They must be presented according to the following examples: (based on ISO 690 and ISO 690-2).

Journal Article

  1. Author(s): full name if available
  2. Year of publication
  3. Article title
  4. Journal title (with/without abbreviations)
  5. Volume
  6. Number
  7. Pages (starting page and ending page)
  8. DOI (if available)
  9. Web Link (If available)


  1. Author(s): full name
  2. Year of publication
  3. Book title
  4. Edition (except for 1st edition)
  5. Place of publication
  6. Publisher
  7. International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

Book Chapter

  1. Author(s) of the chapter
  2. Year of publication
  3. Chapter title
  4. In:
    1. author of the book or editor (omitted in case the author of the chapter is the same)
    2. title of the book
  5. Place of publication
  6. Publisher
  7. Number of pages (starting page and ending page)

Paper in Conference Proceedings

  1. Author(s): full name if available
  2. Year of Publication
  3. Document title
  4. In:
    1. Name of conference, congress, meeting, etc.
    2. Conference, congress, meeting number
    3. Date of conference, congress, meeting, etc.
    4. Place of conference, congress, meeting, etc. (city and country)
  5. Work title
  6. Publisher
  7. Number of pages

Tables must be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. They should have a brief descriptive title placed at the top. A short description is also accepted. Footnotes can be included below the table. Do not present the same information in both a table and a figure. Please do not include any graphical representations of any kind. If a table must have a graphical aspect, then it should be renamed a figure. A table has the same column headings throughout. If the column headings change, it should be treated as a new table with a new table number and a new title.


All figures must be referred to in the text. Number all figures cited in the text consecutively using Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.). If a figure is cited only in an appendix, then the figure is labeled accordingly (e.g., a figure cited only in appendix B would be labeled 'Fig. B1'). Figure legends should be double-spaced on a separate sheet. Line drawings should be professionally drawn, or generated by high-quality computer software capable of producing print-quality images. Images should fit on paper no larger than that used for typing the text. Do not use boldface lettering. The final size (after reduction or enlargement) of lettering on figures should be no less than 1.5 mm. Use small letters to label figure parts. Line art, charts, cladograms, and annotated photographs, are best supplied as Encapsulated PostScript (.eps) or PDF format. Photographs and other continuous tone images should be in TIFF format, saved at the intended final size, and with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Excessively high resolutions will not improve the output quality, but may produce an unnecessarily large file.

Click here to download the template
Other Guidelines
Research Articles
Review Articles
Methodology Articles
Short Communications
Letters to the Editor
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